Recent History of Cancun and Quintana Roo
Following Mexico’s independence from Spain, national boundaries in the Yucatán region were disputed by Guatemala, Belize which was then a colony of Great Britain, and Mexico. This border issue was finally resolved by the Marshall Saint John Treaty. He established what is now the border between Belize and Mexico on the Hondo River at the southern end of Quintana Roo.
Throughout the 19th century, the native population of the Yucatán Peninsula frequently rebelled against the Mexican government. They were finally subdued at the beginning of the 20th century, and Quintana Roo became a separate territory on November 24, 1902, by decree of President Porfirio Díaz.
When the Mexican revolution started in 1910, the population in Quintana Roo was deeply divided. Those who held most of the political and economic power supported Díaz, but the Mayan descendants took up arms against the Díaz government. Although the Mexican army overpowered most of the indigenous rebels, it lost the larger war waged by Emiliano Zapata, Pancho Villa, Francisco I. Madero and others. When Díaz was overthrown, Madero appointed General Manuel Sanchez as the new Quintana Roo governor, removing Díaz’s protégé, General Ignacio Bravo.
From 1914 to 1934, Quintana Roo was integrated with Yucatán several times. It was finally made an independent entity by President Lázaro Cárdenas, who served as president of Mexico from 1934 to 1940.
Cancun and the state of Quintana Roo are now the most visited states in country by tourists. Check our official page to find out more about vacationing in Cancun. www.cancun.travel